John 13:1-11 "Outline of The Gospel of John Chapter 13'
13 Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.
And upper being ended,* the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray Him, Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come from God and was going to God, rose from supper and laid aside His garments, took a towel and girded Himself. After that, He poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded. Then He came to Simon Peter. And Peter said to Him, "Lord, are You washing my feet?" Jesus answered and said to him, "What I am doing you do not understand now, but you will know after this." Peter said to Him, "You shall never wash my feet!" Jesus answered him, "If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me." Simon Peter said to Him, "Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head!" Jesus said to him, "He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you." For He knew who would betray Him; therefore He said, "You are not all clean."
Introduction: Setting the events of Chapter 13 in the right order of actual events in the Upper Room
In Chapters 13 through 17, the Apostle John talks about the “Private Ministry of the Son of God. (Jesus) The next 2 chapters (Chapter 13 and 14) records events and conversations Jesus had with the twelve that occurred in the upper room According to “Biblical Chronology” (the Biblical Order of actual events) on the night they celebrated the Last Passover under the Old Covenant the events in the upper Room happened in the following order:
- Matthew 26:20-21: First, they started celebrating what would be the last Passover (under the Old Covenant) Jesus reveals while they are eating that one of the disciples sitting with Him at the table was to betray Him. (Mark 14:17; Luke 22:14-16 & verses 24-30)
- He then in John 13 Jesus washes their feet (John 13:1-20)
- Matthew 26:21-25 identifies Judas Iscariot as the betrayer. (Mark 14:18-21 & Luke 22:21-23…John 13:21-29)
- Matthew 26: 31-35: Judas gets up and leaves the room while everybody else professes they will remain loyal. ( John 13:30-38 Mark 14:27-31…Luke 22:31-38)
- Jesus institutes the New Passover (New Covenant) “The Lord’s Supper” (Matthew 2626-29… Mark 14:22-25…Luke 22:17-20)
- Jesus gives His final address in the Upper Room before they leave for the Garden of Gethsemane.
And supper being ended,* the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray Him,Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come from God and was going to God",
Overview: The Love that Jesus showed from the start to the end of His Ministry on Earth (John 13: 1-3)
- Jesus showed consistent proof that He loved His own: calling them to Discipleship: a calling to follow Him.
- Jesus took the time to train them. He taught them the truth and dispelled the Pharisee’s rigid misinterpretation of the Law and revealed the “love” aspect of following the Law.
- Jesus showed love, compassion and patience whenever the disciple’s weaknesses showed and when they made mistakes as well as rebuke when it was warranted.
- Jesus ultimately commissioned them to the calling of ministry as “heralds” to carry out the evangelistic work of spreading the “Good News” of the Gospel.
Note: The Apostle John places an emphasis in verse of 2 things: first the devil poisoned Judas Iscariot’s heart to betray Jesus while sitting at the table. And second, Jesus had full understanding of his dignity and elevation of His divine character, (Jesus knew who HE was) yet condescended to wash their feet.
John here focuses on the act of Jesus washing their feet. Jesus, the Son of God, who compelled them to follow Him, now takes the posture of a slave, a servant by stooping down to wash their feet. To the social status conscience person, this look humiliating and degrading of royalty.. . (Note the initial response of Peter) But to us it shows just how far the Lord will go to save a sinner and convert them to righteousness
From supper, (while they were still eating) Jesus gets up from the table, lays aside his (outer) garments (seamless robe and mantle)… takes a towel and wraps it around Himself (in the same manner a slave would)…poured water into a water basin…then began to wash the disciples feet and wipe them with the towel He had wrapped Himself with. (vs. 4-5)
Peter’s Initial response (question asked in respect and humility) :
You’re going to wash my feet? Are you the Son of God, The Messiah getting ready to became a servant to me and wash my feet?
Jesus answers: What I’m about to do to you, you don’t understand now, but you will know after I’m finished! [(object lesson) I’m about to give you all an object lesson that you won’t forget. (vs. 6-7)
Object lesson they were to learn: (We are to learn them too).
Every day they would see more and more the necessity of humility (being humble) and showing kindness to each other. We will too
They would come to fully understand they were the servants of Christ and of the church, and should not to aspire to seek honors and offices,(power and position) but be willing to perform the “humblest” service for the Lord to the benefit of the world (unsaved). By lifting Jesus up for the world to see, spreading the Gospel and living the life of a servant dedicated to the cause of Jesus Christ. We need to learn this now
They would understand that if God called them to do it, no task is so menial that it is “beneath” them. We need to learn the difference between what we want to do and what the Lord has called us to do!
Peter’s second response: You will never wash my feet.
On the one hand, Peter was expressing his reverence for the Master, however, Peter was totally out of line because Jesus just explained to all of them that they did not know why He was doing this yet. If Peter truly had reverence for Jesus, he simply should have submitted to what Jesus was to do by faith and as Jesus said: after I do this you will fully understand why I did this to all of you.
Jesus’ answers: If I don’t wash your feet, you have no part (relationship) with me. In other words: You can’t be my disciple unless I wash thee. (vs. 8-9)
Peter’s problem: Peter didn’t understand the “spiritual aspect” of what Jesus was doing. Peter was not “fully converted” at this point. He followed Jesus and yes The Holy Spirit did reveal to Peter that Jesus is the “Messiah” that is the Christ, the Son of the Living God, but Peter was blinded by “personal conceptions” of what he thought God expected and how he should respond to the promptings of the Lord.
Object lessons: Even if we don’t understand what the Lord is requiring of us, it is better to be obedient, than disobedient. Obedience is always better than sacrifice. You may not ever know on earth everything you sacrificed when you disobeyed God. (But at judgment you will know) God’s glory is promoted in every act of our obedience. Even if we disobey, God will still be glorified, but we will have to face the punishment of our disobedience.
Peter’s final response:
Lord not just my feet, but my hands, and my head. In other words spiritually: Don’t just cleanse me from where I’ve come and gone, but cleanse me from the evil works I’ve done and the distorted way I was thinking in my mind)
Jesus’ response to Peter’s response: (double meaning- literal according to Jewish custom and spiritually in terms of the condition of the heart of the person)
Literal meaning: You don’t have to wash your hands or head again, only your feet (because you traveled from the public bath house) Other than your feet you are clean. You are clean, but not all. (of you) are clean. (vs. 11)
Reason: Jesus knew who should (and would) betray Him….Judas Iscariot
Spiritual meaning: As a believer, in Christ you are cleansed before the Law from all sin once and for all. (Hebrews 10:1-2) however, everyday of your life, every child of God must daily confess our (daily) sins that there are no breaches in our relationship with the Father Jehovah (Yahweh) or with Jesus Christ the Son of God, our Lord, Savior and Great High Priest. (1 John 1:1-10)
Jesus Teaches “The” Object Lesson “Being an Humble Servant” (verses 12-20)
After Jesus finished washing their feet and puts aback on his robe and mantle, Jesus sits back down and asks: Do you know what I have done to you? (Do you understand what I just did?) Then Jesus began to explain:
Object Lesson for everyone: It’s our sacred duty to be humble! It is not a suggestion from Jesus….It’s a requirement of ministry and service!
Jesus teaches us all by this example that we should and must always humble ourselves. It starts by dropping our pride, then work wherever we are needed by the Lord and directed by the Pastor, His Under-shepherd in the infrastructure of the church to: as the
Church Covenant Pledge states: “To strive for the advancement of the church in knowledge, holiness and comfort. We are to promote its (the church’s) prosperity and spirituality…To sustain its (the Church’s) ordinances, worship, disciplines and doctrines”. Remember, God didn’t call any of us to re-invent the wheel! None of us ought to be so proud, and vain, that we are unwilling to occupy any position especially if it is one that is of “low esteem”, but we are to regard ourselves as the servants of each other (in the spirit of co-operation), and be willing to befriend each other in every way. You must be of “kindred spirit to do this successfully! That is of the same mind, seeking the same purpose!
Object Lesson for those who are called to organize churches:
Because they (the 12) were to be founders (organizers) of the church (local and regional assemblies), and to be greatly honored by God and those who will appreciate the Gospel ministry and the ministry work of service they would do, Jesus took this occasion to warn them against the dangers of personal ambition, and used this teaching tool as a vivid example of the ONE lesson they ought not ever forget: the duty and living practice of humility.
Remember: The servant isn’t greater than his Lord. (and his lord) Neither is the one who is sent greater than the one who sent him.
This is a universal truth. It speaks to administration protocol Management and craft, Employer and employee…The Pastorate and the Pew… (vs. 16-17)
Jesus and Prophecy concerning “HIS Betrayal” (vs. 18-20)
In addressing you all as being clean: I wasn’t talking about all of you. I know whom I have chosen. That is, I know who is not clean (spiritually) among you. I foresaw this moment coming. I even know the one who is going to betray me. That the scripture may be fulfilled: “He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me”. (vs. 18)
I’m telling you a head of time so you will know when it happens, you will believe that I am He. (vs. 19) That I AM the Messiah!
Truly , truly I say to you: Whoever accepts the one I send, accepts me and also the one who accepts me accepts the one who sent me. When we are accepted by people who accepts the Gospel Message, they accept me and God, the Father, because they can’t have a relationship with The Father except through ME! (vs. 20)
Jesus Predicts His Betrayal and Exposes the Betrayer (vs. 21-30)
Jesus (troubled in His Spirit) testifies and said: I say unto you,” One of you shall betray me”.
The Disciples look at each other not knowing who Jesus was talking about, Simon then prompts John (the beloved disciple) to ask who is it?
Jesus by giving the sop of bread identifies Judas Iscariot as the betrayer.
Satan spiritually enters into Judas and Jesus says: “That you do, do quickly”.
None of the disciples understood why Jesus said this. Judas was the treasurer and was sent by Jesus to buy needed supplies, or to give something to the poor
Jesus Declares: Glorification of both the Son of man and God (the Father)
Jesus now declares: The Son of man is now glorified and God (the Father) is glorified in Him and…If God (the Father) is glorified in Him, then God will glorify Him in Himself (the Father) and in Him (Jesus) directly. (vs. 31-32)
I won’t be with (among) you too much longer
I give “New Commandment” “Love one another: in the same manner I have loved you (in my actions) This is the way all men will know you are mine.
Jesus Fortells Peter’s Denial of Him (vs. 36-38)
“The cock shall not crow until you have denied me 3 times” .
Dr. William Edward Boddie