Exodus 20:1 to Chapter: 38
And God spoke all these words:
"I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.
"You shall have no other gods beforea me.
"You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments. "You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name. "Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
"Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you. "You shall not murder. "You shall not commit adultery.
"You shall not steal. "You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. "You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor."
The Mosiac Covenant was given to Moses shortly after God delivered the children of Jacob from Egyptian bondage up on Mt Sinai. This covenant was the precursor to and ushered in the Dispensation of Law. as when Moses gave the children the Moral Law from God. This is how they responded:
When the people saw the thunder and lightning and heard the trumpet and saw the mountain in smoke, they trembled with fear. They stayed at a distance and said to Moses, "Speak to us yourself and we will listen", but do not have God speak to us or we will die." Moses said to the people, "Do not be afraid. God has come to test you, so that the fear of God will be with you to keep you from sinning." The people remained at a distance, while Moses approached the thick darkness where God was. Then the Lord said to Moses, "Tell the Israelites this: 'You have seen for yourselves that I have spoken to you from heaven: Do not make any gods to be alongside me; Do not make for yourselves gods of silver or gods of gold. "'Make an altar of earth for me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, your sheep and goats and your cattle. Wherever I cause my name to be honored, I will come to you and bless you. If you make an altar of stones for me, do not build it with dressed stones, for you will defile it if you use a tool on it. And do not go up to my altar on steps, lest your nakedness be exposed on it.'
Condition: of the Covenant: The Mosaic Covenant had only one condition: OBEDIENCE: Because this covenant ushered in the "Dispensation of Law", it is divided into 3 parts:
A. Moral Law Exodus 20: 1-26
This set of laws were captioned in what we call the "Ten Commandments". These 10 commandments captions every behavior that define the "moral life" of man. These laws govern the integrity of the individual.
B. The Civil Law Exodus 21:1 to Exodus 24:18
The Civil Laws governed all activities that happened in public, conduct against a transgression between people, as well as the manner how people transacted business matters (financial, marital, and property)
C. The Ceremonial Law Exodue 25:1-40 to Chapter 38
The Ceremonial Law governed the activities concerning the Tabernacle as well as the Priesthood in general, inclusive of the manner of how worship was to be conducted. According to Exodus 31:12-18, The "sign" of this covenant is the "Sabbath".
Duration: This covenant remained in effect and was discontinued when the Jews were scattered in 70 A.D. after Titus, the Roman emporer destroyed Jerusalem.. This covenant will be renewed during the 7-year Tribulation Period when Israel is converted and restored into their home land. This covenant will be known then as the "Palestinian Covenant." this covenant will end when the earth is renovated by fire.
The "Palestinan" Covenant Deuteronomy 30:1-10
"When all these blessings and curses I have set before you come upon you and you take them to heart wherever the Lord your God disperses you among the nations,and when you and your children return to the Lord your God and obey him with all your heart and with all your soul according to everything I command you today, then the Lord your God will restore your fortunes and have compassion on you and gather you again from all the nations where he scattered you. Even if you have been banished to the most distant land under the heavens, from there the Lord your God will gather you and bring you back. He will bring you to the land that belonged to your fathers, and you will take possession of it. He will make you more prosperous and numerous than your fathers.
The Lord your God will circumcise your hearts and the hearts of your descendants, so that you may love him with all your heart and with all your soul, and live. The Lord your God will put all these curses on your enemies who hate and persecute you. You will again obey the Lord and follow all his commands I am giving you today. Then the Lord your God will make you most prosperous in all the work of your hands and in the fruit of your womb, the young of your livestock and the crops of your land. The Lord will again delight in you and make you prosperous, just as he delighted in your fathers, if you obey the Lord your God and keep his commands and decrees that are written in this Book of the Law and turn to the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul".
The Palestinan Covenant as stated in the Mosaic covenant will replace this covenant when Israel repents and accepts Jesus Christ as their Messiah and after they return to Palestine. This covenant also ushers in the Millenial dispensation and will terminate with this dispensation.