After the uproar had ceased, Paul called the disciples to himself, embraced them, and departed to go to Macedonia. Now when he had gone over that region and encouraged them with many words, he came to Greece and stayed three months. And when the Jews plotted against him as he was about to sail to Syria, he decided to return through Macedonia. And Sopater of Berea accompanied him to Asia — also Aristarchus and Secundus of the Thessalonians, and Gaius of Derbe, and Timothy, and Tychicus and Trophimus of Asia. These men, going ahead, waited for us at Troas. But we sailed away from Philippi after the Days of Unleavened Bread, and in five days joined them at Troas, where we stayed seven days.
Ministering at Troas
Now on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them and continued his message until midnight. There were many lamps in the upper room where they were gathered together. And in a window sat a certain young man named Eutychus, who was sinking into a deep sleep. He was overcome by sleep; and as Paul continued speaking, he fell down from the third story and was taken up dead. But Paul went down, fell on him, and embracing him said, "Do not trouble yourselves, for his life is in him." Now when he had come up, had broken bread and eaten, and talked a long while, even till daybreak, he departed. And they brought the young man in alive, and they were not a little comforted. (NKJV)
Bible Study Outline: Exposition on the Book of Acts Chapter 20:1-12
Paul’s Exit from Ephesus on route to Greece
Now that the uproar that occurred in Ephesus has been brought to rest and the crowd has begun to disperse, Paul is preparing to leave Ephesus and exhort many of the cities he evangelized beforehand. He gathers the disciples together to encourage them to keep the faith and continue the work there in Ephesus and now depart from them toward Macedonia.
Paul: Moving On From Ephesus to Greece (verses 1-6)
The uproar created by Demetrius may have contributed in Paul’s decision to leave Ephesus sooner than he had originally intended. According to 1 Corinthians 16:8, he had written to the Corinthians that he should leave that place after Pentecost. Nevertheless, Paul now leaves Ephesus and revisits many of the cities he previously evangelized and shared the gospel.
He finally reaches Macedonia. (Greece) Concerning Macedonia (Greece) Paul informs us in 2 Corinthians 7:5- 7 that in Macedonia, he had suffered much from both sides: “infidels” and “believers” He describes the dilemma this way: “fighting on the outside” (infidels) and “fear on the inside”. Paul was comforted when Titus arrived from Corinth with a “flattering” report on the growth condition of the Church of Corinth. A short time later, according to 2 Corinthians 8:16-17, Paul while staying in Macedonia sends Titus back to Corinth with the second letter he wrote to the Corinthian church. (2 Corinthians). A little later in keeping a promise he made to them, Paul himself revisits Corinth for the third time and stayed there 3 months. It is also believed that while he was in Corinth, he also wrote the church letter to the Romans (Book of Romans) (vs.2)
After being there 3 months. Paul was to travel to Syria on route towards Jerusalem, but got word the Judaizers were looking to possibly ambush him when he boarded the ship and execute him, so he chose to travel by land, the same way he had traveled to Greece. (vs.3)
And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus. (vs. 4)
Footnote: At some point Paul would send Tychicus to Colosse with the letter he wrote to the church of the Colossians.
All 7 men mentioned in verse 4 taried with Paul at Troas. Scholars say Tychicus and Tromphimus went ahead of the others to Troas. After celebrating Passover and in keeping with the laws governing Passover, they ate unleavened bread for 7 days, then in five days, they again arrived in Troas where this time, they stayed there for 7 days. (vs. 5-6)
Sunday Morning: Paul Preaches and Revives a young man: Eutychus (versus 7- 12)
The disciples and Paul came together on that Sunday and both had church and communion. Here it is clear the group had worship on Sunday and not on Saturday. The purpose of putting emphasis on this fact is to show the significance of “Sunday morning” as it relates to the day the church held worship services, compared to when the synagogue (temple) held services on the sabbath (Saturday) and how throughout both old and new testaments. Sunday has always has a significant role in God’s movement. beyond justifying why we worship on Sunday. There are 13 Bible based and back reason why we worship on Sunday:
Here are thirteen reasons why Christians keep Sunday as our “primary” worship day (Acts 20:7)
a. We worship on Sunday to commemorate the resurrection and the finished work of Christ in His victory over death, hell, and the grave (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:9; John 20:1). The whole basis of the Christian faith is based on what happened early Sunday morning: the resurrection of Jesus Christ. We serve a “risen” savior one who is alive and has all power!
b. The Lord's manifestations to His disciples were on Sunday (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:9; John 20:1, 19, 26).
c. Christ ignored completely the old Jewish sabbath. The first day is the prominent day after the resurrection (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:9; John 20:1,19, 26).
d. The outpouring of the Holy Ghost came on Sunday in the upper room on the Day of Pentecost. Pentecost was the first day after seven Jewish sabbaths (Acts 2:1; Leviticus 23:15-21). Thus, both Christ and the Holy Spirit manifested themselves to the church on this day, completely ignoring the Jewish sabbath.
e. Neither Christ nor any apostle commanded to keep the old Jewish sabbath, or any other day, but did command all people not to be bound by any particular day (Romans 14:5-6; Galatians 5:9-11; Colossians 2:14-17). In regards to sin, sin is sin whenever committed. It is transgression of the law that constitutes sin (1 John 3:4), not the day in which it is done. Anything sinful Saturday or Sunday is sinful on every other day. If it is not sinful on Monday, Tuesday, etc., it is not sinful on Sunday. It’s important to know why we worship on the 1 day of the week. (public corporate worship) but it also equally important to know that you can worship God each and every day and if fact, you should.
f. In the new covenant, no set day is commanded to be the sabbath as in the old covenant which was abolished. They did keep Sunday as their day of worship (Matt 28:1; Mark 16:9; John 20:1,19,26; Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 16:2; Revelation 1:10).
g. Typology of the old covenant made Sunday a day of worship:
h. The Jewish sabbath was a changeable sabbath, changing at Pentecost every year to one day later until each day of the week was observed every seven years. Pentecost was the first day after the seventh sabbath (see notes, Levicus 23:15-21 and point 4, above).
I. The feast of first fruits came on Sunday, typifying the resurrection (Leviticus 23:9-14; Matthew 28:1; John 20:1).
j. The feasts of unleavened bread and tabernacles also were observed at least one Sunday and perhaps two, being seven and eight days long (Leviticus 23:6-36).
k. God honored Sunday by giving the law on that day (cp. Exodus 19:1,3,11 with Leviticus 23:3-6; Exodus 12:2-18).
l. God again honored Sunday when giving the book of Revelation (Revelation 1:10).
m. Constantine and the Pope did not change the sabbath, 321 A.D. and 364 A.D. Sunday was the Christian Sabbath long before Constantine became emporer.. As a result, it is clear that many religious services were held on Sundays as well as on Saturday and other days
Question: Why did Paul preach so long?
Paul was about to leave them on the next day, probably to see them no more, was the principal reason why his discourse was so long. Obviously, Paul poured out his heart to them and knew on some level it was a strong possibility he would never see them again. We don’t know if Paul preached non-stop except when the young man Eutychus fell out of the window, Paul temporarily stopped preaching.
Useful example: The situation proves that from time to time worship services may run longer for legitimate reasons. Depending on the move of the Holy Spirit some services might run a little longer and the minister sharing the WORD may become what we called a little “long-winded.” It simply shouldn’t be all the time.
And there were many lights in the upper chamber, where they were gathered together. (vs. 8)
Question: What’s the significance of mentioning the many lights in the upper chamber?
There was a slanderous rumor going around that the reason the Christians always extinguished all lighting in their assemblies was because they were doing things in the dark that was not “kosher” but acts of abominations.
Scholars deduce that the mentioning of the number of lights on in the upper chamber intimated that that upper chamber where they was a place of public worship /and or devotion, because both the Jews, and the Gentiles were accustomed to have many lights burning in such places. This act quelled such rumors.
And there sat in a window a certain young man named Eutychus, being fallen into a deep sleep: and as Paul was long preaching, he sunk down with sleep, and fell down from the third loft, and was taken up dead. (vs. 9)
Question: Why was the “3rd story” window open and why would you allow a child to sit in a window that was not on the ground floor?
The window was left open, probably to avoid the malice and lying accusation of their enemies, who might be compelled with accusing them with holding their assemblies in darkness again for purposes of iniquity. The window was probably a mere opening in the wall to let in light, as glass was not common at that time. As the shutters of the window were not closed, there was nothing to prevent Eutychus from falling down. 3 stories to his death.
Rumor: Some have supposed that he was merely stunned with the fall, and that he was still alive. But the term “taken up dead meant he died from the fall. And what Paul did in response was miraculous. He was actually killed by the fall, and was miraculously restored to life.
Concerning sleeping in worship services:
This example in the Bible is an instance of sleeping in public worship that has some legitimate excuse. Here are the factors: The lateness of hour of the night, and the length of the services, were the excuse.
But….WHAT ABOUT NOWADAYS, outside a person having a sleep disorder or suffering from legitimate fatigue from a long grueling work day, or even battling demonic affliction throughout the course of a night that prevents them from getting little or no rest?
Outside of those reasons mentioned……There is no excuse! The truth is, most of the time many sleepers in worship services stayed out all night long partying, clubbing or involved in illicit situations that went on throughout the night and lapsed over into early Sunday morning. The 3 examples I cited earlier of legitimate reasons doesn't happen that often.
Even though sleeping in the worship service happens a lot these days, oftentimes somebody within the congregation is always ready to furnish the sleeper in a church with an invalid excuse for it. Here are some of the most common excuses: The sermon was too long. The preacher didn't hoop or holler. the choir singing was not anointed and my favorite lead singer didn't sing today. There was no life in the whole service because so body would say amen to anything the preacher had to say..
Message: No practice is more shameful, disrespectful, and abominable than that so common of sleeping in the house of God.
Eutychus raised from the dead
And Paul went down, and fell on him, and embracing him said, Trouble not yourselves; for his life is in him. (vs. 10)
Probably stretching himself on him the same way Elisha did on the Shunammite's son in 2 Kings 4:33-35. It was an act of tenderness and compassion, showing that Paul had a strong desire to restore him to life.
Paul’s response to the people: Trouble not yourselves. They would doubtless be thrown into a great commotion and highly upset by such an event. Paul wanted to help to compose their minds by the assurance that he would live.
For his life is in him] He is restored to life. This has all the appearance of having been a miracle. Life was restored to him as Paul spoke.
When he therefore was come up again, (talking about Paul to the upper room) and had broken bread, and eaten, and talked a long while, even till break of day, so he departed. That is Paul came up and got something to eat. (vs. 11)
And they brought the young man alive, and were not a little comforted. (vs. 12)
The people were overjoyed by the fact that he was alive; perhaps also strengthened by the evidence that a miracle had been performed.
Dr. William Edward Boddie